This Technical Note describes the contents of the disks System.Disk and System.Tools and the minimum files necessary to boot GS/OS starting with System Software 5.0.
Changes since January 1991: Now describes System Software 6.0. Changed the title to not reflect disk names.
This Note gives a description of each of the files in the Apple IIgs System Software 6.0 package. This package includes six disks: Install, SystemTools1, SystemTools2, Fonts, synthLAB and System.Disk. System Software 6.0 requires at least 1 MB of memory, one 3.5" drive and another storage device (either a second 3.5" drive or a larger capacity device). 2 MB of memory and a hard disk are highly recommended.
System.Disk is a pre-configured boot disk for floppy-based users. Because all the files on System.Disk appear on other disks in the 6.0 set, they are only listed and not described a second time.
ProDOS Every file system boots differently; the boot blocks for ProDOS disks look for a file name ProDOS. This is that file. It is the GS/OS file system stub necessary to start the boot process. System The directory containing most of the GS/OS files. CDevs The directory containing all Apple IIgs Control Panel Devices (CDevs) required for installing 6.0. General Allows setting of general system parameters. RAM Controls the size of the RAM disk and the GS/OS Disk Cache. SetStart Lets you choose which application to boot into. Desk.Accs The directory containing all the classic and new desk accessory files to be loaded at boot time. ControlPanel The New Desk Accessory which allows users to control almost all system parameters and choose printers and file servers. Drivers The directory containing all device drivers needed by GS/OS and the Toolbox (including the Print Manager and MIDI Tools). AppleDisk3.5 The Apple 3.5 Drive device driver for GS/OS. Also drives SuperDrives connected to the Apple II SuperDrive interface card. AppleDisk5.25 The driver for Apple 5.25" disk drives, including Disk II drives and Apple UniDisk 5.25 drives. This driver is required for GS/OS to recognize 5.25" disk drives. In 6.0, it is up to 300% faster than in earlier versions of system software. Console.Driver The text screen and keyboard device driver for GS/OS. SCSI.Manager The GS/OS SCSI Manager, the supervisory driver that arbitrates hardware-level usage of Apple's Apple II SCSI cards. SCSIHD.Driver The GS/OS driver for SCSI hard disks. This driver is required for GS/OS to recognize SCSI hard disks. UniDisk3.5 The GS/OS driver for UniDisk 3.5 drives. This driver is required for proper operation of UniDisk 3.5 drives. Using the UniDisk with GS/OS without this driver eventually corrupts media. Error.Msg A compiled file containing all error messages required by GS/OS. This file is separate from the GS.OS file to provide easier support for localization. Fonts The directory containing all system fonts to be used. FastFont This makes Shaston 8 text drawing much faster. FSTs The directory containing the file system translators to be loaded at boot time. Char.FST The character device FST. Pro.FST The ProDOS FST. GS.OS The remainder of GS/OS. GS.OS.Dev The GS/OS Device Manager and associated core routines. Separate from GS.OS for speed reasons. P8 The ProDOS 8 operating system. SetStart.data An invisible file created by the SetStart Control Panel, indicating which application the system should boot into. On this disk, this points to the Installer. Start The boot program. If this file exists, GS/OS always launches it upon booting. Under 6.0, this program usually reads the SetStart.data file and launches the indicated application. Start.GS.OS The file containing the GLoader and GQuit routines. It loads the files GS.OS and GS.OS.Dev, which contain the rest of the operating system. System.Setup The directory containing all the initialization files to be executed at boot time. Resource.Mgr The Resource Manager. This is an initialization file; the design of the Resource Manager requires it to be present even when an application has not specifically loaded it. The system does not boot if this file is not present. Sys.Resources A file containing system resources, available to the system software and to applications. Tool.Setup A required file that loads files which contain all the patches to tools in ROM for ROM levels 01 (TS2) and 03 (TS3). Tool.Setup would attempt to load TS1 if executed on a machine with ROM level 00, but GS/OS does not boot on such a machine, therefore, TS1 is not included. Tool.Setup also contains patches common to both ROM 1 and ROM 3. TS2 Patches to ROM tools for ROM 1. TS3 Patches to ROM tools for ROM 3. Tools The directory containing tool files for all tools not in ROM. Tool014 Window Manager. Tool015 Menu Manager. Tool016 Control Manager. Tool018 QuickDraw Auxiliary. Tool019 Print Manager. Tool020 LineEdit. Tool021 Dialog Manager. Tool022 Scrap Manager. Tool023 Standard File. Tool027 Font Manager. Tool028 List Manager. Tool034 TextEdit. Icons The directory containing all the Finder's old-style icon files as well as new Desktop database files and file type descriptors. FType.Apple The file type names used by the Finder (on all systems). Installer The Apple IIgs Installer program. This program makes use of scripts found in the Scripts directory on this disk to install parts of the system, as well as third-party applications, without the user needing to copy individual files. Scripts This directory contains all the scripts for the Installer. On launch, the Installer looks in its parent directory for the Scripts directory and the scripts it contains. It also reads MessageCenter message #1. A2.RAMCard Script to install the driver for the Apple II Memory Expansion Card (the slot-based, or "slinky" card). Adv.Disk.Util Script to install the Advanced Disk Utility program. Apple.Bowl Script to install the Apple Bowl game. Apple.MIDI Script to install the Apple MIDI Interface driver and tool set. AppleDisk5.25 Script to install the 5.25" disk driver for GS/OS. AppleShare Script to install AppleShare. AppleShare3.5 Script that creates an 800K or 1440K GS/OS startup disk which contains AppleShare. Archiver Script to install Archiver, the new GS/OS-based backup program. Aristotle.Patch Script to install a change to Aristotle for easier class transition. ATImageWriter Script to install the ImageWriter printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to work with AppleTalk. ATImageWriterLQ Script to install the ImageWriter LQ printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to work with AppleTalk. Calculator Script to install the Calculator new desk accessory. Card6850.MIDI Script to install the 6850-based MIDI Interface card driver. CDROM Script to install the High Sierra FST as well as the SCSI Manager and SCSI CD-ROM driver for GS/OS. CloseView Script to install the CloseView NDA, which makes the screen more legible to some visually-impaired users. DCImageWriter Script to install the ImageWriter printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to connect it to a serial port. DCImageWriterLQ Script to install the ImageWriter LQ printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to connect it to a serial port. DOS3.3.FST Script to install the read-only DOS 3.3 file system translator. Easy.Access Script to install the EasyAccess init, which provides sticky keys and keyboard mouse to ROM 1 users. Epson Script to install the Epson printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the parallel card driver. Fonts Script to install the minimum suggested font set. Fonts.Max Script to install all fonts provided with System 6.0. Fonts.Std Script to install the standard font set. HFS.FST Script to install the Hierarchical File System (HFS, used on the Macintosh) file system translator. Inst.Sys.Min Script to install a minimal GS/OS system on an 800K volume. Note that this is different than 5.0.x's "Inst.Sys.Min" script, the 6.0 version of which is in the file named "AppleShare3.5". Inst.SysF.NoFin Script to install a minimal GS/OS system,without the Finder, on a given destination volume. Instal.Sys.File Script to install a complete System Software 6.0 configuration, including new features, on a given destination volume. LaserWriter Script to install the LaserWriter printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to work with AppleTalk. Local.Net.Boot Script to create a 3.5" floppy disk with minimal system software that boots into a server selection program (the network "Start" program from SystemTools2). MediaControl Script to install the Media Control toolset and all Media Control drivers supplied with System 6.0. MediaCtrl.CDSC Script to install the Media Control toolset and the drivers to work with the Apple CD SC drive. MediaCtrl.P2000 Script to install the Media Control toolset and the drivers to work with the Pioneer 2000 series laserdisc players. MediaCtrl.P4000 Script to install the Media Control toolset and the drivers to work with the Pioneer 4000 series laserdisc players. Namer Script to install the printer Namer Control Panel. Namer II (a ProDOS 8 application) is not included with System 6.0. Pascal.FST Script to install the read-only Apple II Pascal file system translator. Quick.Logoff Script to add a quick logoff feature to AppleShare. SCSI.Hard.Disk Script to install the SCSI Manager and SCSI hard disk driver for GS/OS. SCSI.Scanner Script to install the SCSI Manager and SCSI scanner driver for GS/OS. SCSI.Tape Script to install the SCSI Manager and SCSI tape driver for GS/OS. Server.Sys.File Script to install System Software 6.0 on an AppleShare File Server. Sounds.All Script to install all sounds provided with System Software 6.0 into the "System:Sounds" folder of the designated volume. StyleWriter Script to install the StyleWriter printer driver for the Print Manager, as well as the files necessary to connect it to a serial port. Teach Script to install the application Teach, which displays and edits Teach files, text files, AppleWorks files, MacWrite files and Installer scripts. UniDisk3.5 cript to install the UniDisk 3.5 driver for GS/OS. VideoKeyboard Script to install the Video Keyboard new desk accessory, which allows users to type by using the pointing device instead of the keyboard. VideoMix Script to install the latest versions of the Apple II VideoMix software and tools.
Icons Additional icons for the Finder. This folder is currently empty. System A directory containing additional parts of the system software. Finder The Apple IIgs Finder, version 6.0. CDevs Directory with additional Control Panel Devices. DirectConnect Allows selection of direct-connected printers. Keyboard Sets keyboard parameters. Modem Controls modem port settings. Monitor Sets 40-column or 80-column mode, monochrome or color mode, and the color of text, text background, and borders. Printer Controls printer port settings. Slots Allows selection of slot settings and startup slot. Sound Sets user preference for sound pitch and volume. Also allows the user to assign digitized sounds to events that happen while using the computer. Time Sets the internal clock's time and display format and optionally tracks Daylight Savings Time. Desk.Accs Directory with additional desk accessories. CDRemote An updated version of the CD Remote new desk accessory which ships with the AppleCD SC. FindFile A new desk accessory that finds files on volumes GS/OS can read. Calculator A calculator new desk accessory. Drivers Directory with additional device drivers for GS/OS and the Toolbox. A2.RAMCard The GS/OS driver for slot-based memory expansion cards. This driver is not required to use these cards with GS/OS, but it does provide a substantial speed improvement. Apple.MIDI The Apple MIDI Interface driver for the MIDI Tools. Card6850.MIDI The driver for 6850-based MIDI interface cards for the MIDI Tools. Epson The Epson(R) printer driver for the Print Manager. ImageWriter The ImageWriter driver for the Print Manager. ImageWriter.LQ The ImageWriter LQ driver for the Print Manager. Starting with System Software 5.0.3, this driver uses all the capabilities of the ImageWriter LQ. Modem The modem port driver for the Print Manager. Parallel.Card A driver for some parallel printer interface cards for the Print Manager. This driver works with the Apple Parallel Interface Card, as well as several other parallel interface cards. Printer The printer port driver for the Print Manager. SCSI.Manager The GS/OS SCSI Manager, the supervisory driver that arbitrates hardware-level usage of Apple's Apple II SCSI cards. SCSICD.Driver The GS/OS driver for the AppleCD SC drive. This driver is required for GS/OS to recognize CD-ROM drives. SCSIScan.Driver The GS/OS driver for the Apple Scanner or OneScanner. This driver is required for GS/OS to recognize Apple's scanners. SCSITape.Driver The GS/OS driver for the Apple Tape Backup 40SC. This driver is required for GS/OS to recognize Apple's now-discontinued Tape Backup 40 SC. StyleWriter The StyleWriter driver for the Print Manager. Fonts Directory with additional fonts Courier.09 9-point Courier font. Courier.10 10-point Courier font. Courier.12 12-point Courier font. Courier.14 14-point Courier font. Courier.18 18-point Courier font. Courier.20 20-point Courier font. Courier.24 24-point Courier font. Geneva.10 10-point Geneva font. Geneva.12 12-point Geneva font. Geneva.14 14-point Geneva font. Geneva.16 16-point Geneva font. Geneva.18 18-point Geneva font. Geneva.20 20-point Geneva font. Geneva.24 24-point Geneva font. Helvetica.9 9-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.10 10-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.12 12-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.14 14-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.18 18-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.20 20-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.24 24-point Helvetica font. Shaston.16 16-point Shaston font. Times.09 9-point Times font. Times.10 10-point Times font. Times.12 12-point Times font. Times.14 14-point Times font. Times.18 18-point Times font. Times.20 20-point Times font. Times.24 24-point Times font. Venice.12 12-point Venice font. Venice.14 14-point Venice font. Venice.24 24-point Venice font. FSTs Directory with additional File System Translators. DOS.3.3.FST The DOS 3.3 FST, which allows GS/OS to access 5.25" disks formatted in DOS 3.3 format. This FST is read-only; it only performs read operations. HS.FST The High Sierra FST, which allows GS/OS to access CD-ROM discs formatted in the international standard High Sierra or ISO 9660 formats. This FST is read-only; it only performs read operations. HFS.FST The HFS FST, which allows GS/OS to read and write any disk in the Macintosh's HFS format. Pascal.FST The Apple II Pascal FST, which allows GS/OS to access any disk formatted in Apple II Pascal format. This FST is read-only; it only performs read operations. Tools Directory with additional tools. Tool025 Note Synthesizer. Tool026 Note Sequencer. Tool029 ACE Tools. Tool032 MIDI Tools. Adv.Disk.Util The Advanced Disk Utility program which allows for partitioning of SCSI hard disks, as well as erasing, initializing, and zeroing volumes or partitions. BASIC.System The ProDOS 8 BASIC command interpreter.
Icons Additional icons for the Finder. This folder is currently empty. AppleTalk This directory contains additional AppleTalk files and utilities for AppleShare and AppleTalk. Boot.Driver A driver for AppleShare that GS/OS loads before the other drivers are loaded and which remains resident in memory after the boot process is finished. Installed on servers by the Installer script Server.Sys.File. Display.0 An update to the Aristotle program installed by the "Aristotle.Patch" script. QuickLogoff An initialization file used to add a quick logoff feature to AppleShare. Start The AppleShare startup program which is installed instead of the standard Start program on AppleShare volumes. It allows the user to log on and then launches the server startup program for the user's machine. System A directory containing additional parts of the system software. CDevs Directory with additional Control Panel Devices. AppleShare Allows users to choose and log onto AppleShare file servers. FolderPriv Allows users to set default folder privileges on AppleShare file server volumes. MediaControl Allows users to set up the Media Control tool set and the drivers they wish to use. Namer Allows users to rename AppleTalk-based ImageWriter, ImageWriter LQ and LaserWriter printers. NetPrinter Allows users to choose AppleTalk-based ImageWriter, ImageWriter LQ and LaserWriter printers. Desk.Accs Directory with additional desk accessories. MediaControl A new desk accessory that's like a "super" remote control for all devices the Media Control toolset can control. VideoKeyboard A new desk accessory that allows users to type with the pointing device instead of with the keyboard. VideoMix An updated version of the VideoMix new desk accessory which ships with the Apple II Video Overlay Card. Drivers Directory with additional device drivers for GS/OS and the Toolbox. AppleTalk The AppleTalk port driver for the Print Manager. It works with either serial port when configured for AppleTalk. ATalk The main AppleTalk GS/OS driver. ATP1.ATROM AppleTalk protocols to patch the IIgs ROM. ATP2.ATRAM AppleTalk protocols not in ROM. IWEM PostScript(R) program which allows a LaserWriter emulate an ImageWriter. A user can load it into the LaserWriter with the LaserWriter Control Panel, and it is automatically invoked when printing through the slot associated with AppleTalk. LaserWriter The LaserWriter driver for the Print Manager. This driver works with any LaserWriter with PostScript. It does not work with the LaserWriter IIsc or Personal LaserWriter LS. This driver doesn't always print color patterns correctly to PostScript Level 2 printers, such as the LaserWriter IIf, LaserWriter IIg or Personal LaserWriter NTR. Media.Control Drivers for the Media Control toolset AppleCDSC Media Control driver for the Apple CD SC drive. Pioneer2000 Media Control driver for the Pioneer 2000 series of laserdisc players. Pioneer4000 Media Control driver for the Pioneer 4000 series of laserdisc players. SCC.Manager The GS/OS supervisory driver that arbitrates hardware-level usage of the serial communications controller in the Apple IIgs. Fonts Directory with additional fonts. Currently, this directory on this disk is empty. FSTs Directory with additional file system translators. AppleShare.FST The AppleShare FST which allows GS/OS to access AppleShare file servers. Sounds A folder with sounds provided for the new Sound Control Panel. The file names are fairly self-explanatory; the sounds are not described here. Ahh Doorbell Droplet Eastern Frog PipeOrgan Quack SimpleBeep Sosumi Swish Trumpets Whoosh System.Setup Directory with additional initialization files. AppleIIVOC.INIT An initialization file used by the Apple IIgs Video Overlay Card tool set. ATInit The AppleTalk initialization file. ATResponder The AppleTalk Responder, used for AppleTalk network management. CloseView A new desk accessory (installed by an init) that magnifies the screen to make it more visible to some users with visual impairments. EasyAccess An initialization file that brings Sticky Keys and Keyboard Mouse to ROM 1 users. EasyMount An initialization file that creates file server aliases in the Finder. Tools Directory with additional tools. Tool033 VideoMix toolset (for the Video Overlay Card). Tool038 Media Control toolset. Archiver A GS/OS based backup and restore program. Teach A simple editor that uses TextEdit to display and edit text files, Teach files, Installer scripts and AppleWorks and MacWrite documents. Read.Me Last-minute news and information about the System Software. Read with Teach. Shortcuts A Teach file with time-saving system tips and information.
Goodies A directory with files that are only related to system software in the vaguest sense. Apple.Bowl A GS/OS conversion of an old Apple II bowling game. Read.Me Documentation on Apple Bowl. Icons Additional icons for the Finder. AppleBowl.Icon The icon for the Apple Bowl game. System A directory containing additional parts of the system software. Fonts Additional fonts. Courier.27 27-point Courier font. Courier.28 28-point Courier font. Courier.30 30-point Courier font. Courier.36 36-point Courier font. Courier.42 42-point Courier font. Helvetica.27 27-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.28 28-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.30 30-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.36 36-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.42 42-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.48 48-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.60 60-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.72 72-point Helvetica font. Helvetica.96 96-point Helvetica font. Times.27 27-point Times font. Times.28 28-point Times font. Times.30 30-point Times font. Times.36 36-point Times font. Times.42 42-point Times font. Times.48 48-point Times font. Times.60 60-point Times font. Times.72 72-point Times font. Times.96 96-point Times font.
synthLAB The synthLAB application, a demonstration sequencer for the MIDI Synth toolset. Tool035 MIDI Synth toolset. MIDI The MIDI Control Panel. Lets you choose a MIDI driver. Seq.and.Instr A directory containing demonstration sequences (files that end in ".seq"), wave forms (files that end in ".wav") and sound banks (files that end in ".bnk") for use with synthLAB and MIDI Synth. The files are only listed; their sound is not described here. Synth.bnk Synth.seq Synth.wav Bee.seq Capri.seq Combo.bnk Combo.wav Demo.bnk Demo.wav Fugue.seq Midsummer.seq Orch.bnk Orch.wav Piano.bnk Piano.wav Rhythm.seq Sonata.seq Reference A Teach document with the electronic manual for synthLAB.
Files are only listed here; they are described earlier in this Note where they first appeared.
ProDOS System Start.GS.OS GS.OS Error.Msg GS.OS.Dev FSTs Pro.FST Char.FST Drivers AppleDisk3.5 AppleDisk5.25 Console.Driver System.Setup Tool.Setup TS2 TS3 Resource.Mgr Sys.Resources Desk.Accs ControlPanel CDevs Printer Time Start This is the Finder, not the SetStart program or the AppleShare program. Tools Tool014 Tool015 Tool016 Tool018 Tool019 Tool020 Tool021 Tool022 Tool023 Tool025 Tool027 Tool028 Tool034 Fonts P8 Icons Ftype.Apple BASIC.System
The following files are required for GS/OS to boot from a local disk. This list does not address files needed by the Finder or the IIgs Toolbox. Those files only required in certain circumstances are noted as such. Those files that may be excluded only when disk space or memory limitations make it absolutely necessary are marked with asterisks (*).
ProDOS System Start.GS.OS GS.OS GS.OS.Dev Error.Msg FSTs Pro.FST *HS.FST Required for High Sierra or ISO 9660 discs. Char.FST *AppleShare.FST Required to use AppleShare file servers *DOS3.3.FST Required to use DOS 3.3 disks *Pascal.FST Required to use Apple II Pascal disks *HFS.FST Required to use HFS disks Drivers *AppleDisk3.5 Required for Apple 3.5 Drives or SuperDrives. *AppleDisk5.25 Required for 5.25" drives. *UniDisk3.5 Required for UniDisk 3.5 drives. *SCSI.Manager Required for SCSI devices. *SCSIHD.Driver Required for SCSI hard disks. *SCSICD.Driver Required for AppleCD SC drives. *SCSIScan.Driver Required for Apple scanners. *SCSITape.Driver Required for Apple Tape backup. Console.Driver *ATalk Required for AppleTalk (including AppleShare). *ATP1.ATROM Required for AppleTalk (including AppleShare). *ATP2.ATRAM Required for AppleTalk (including AppleShare). *SCC.Manager Required for AppleTalk (including AppleShare). System.Setup Tool.Setup TS2 TS3 Resource.Mgr Sys.Resources CDevs *AppleShare Required for selecting AppleShare file servers. *NetPrinter Required for choosing printers. *DirectConnect Required for choosing printers. *General *RAM Should always be included if space allows. Provides the only way to set the size of the GS/OS Disk Cache. Desk.Accs Required for desk accessories; any desk accessories should be installed in this directory. *ControlPanel Required if you ship any Control Panels (CDevs). *Start Must be present for GS/OS to boot or some other file that GS/OS can boot into must be present in its place. Tools Required for any of the RAM-based tools; any RAM-based tools should be installed in this directory. Fonts Required for the Font Manager. *FastFont This makes Shaston 8 text drawing much faster and should be included unless absolutely impossible. *P8 Required for ProDOS 8. *BASIC.System Required for AppleSoft BASIC.
This and all of the other Apple II Technical Notes have been converted to HTML by Aaron Heiss as a public service to the Apple II community, with permission by Apple Computer, Inc. Any and all trademarks, registered and otherwise, are properties of their owners.
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Incorporated.