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1000BiT - Blog Bitto

Welcome to 1000BiT's Blog

Human computer

Human computer

Before the computer era, the calculations were obviously done by hand using every tool available at the time, from the abacus, to the slide rule up to the manual mechanical calculators.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 17 Giu 2018 at 10:34:08 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Visicalc: reason enough for owning a computer

Visicalc

Released in the late 70s, the Visicalc was the first truly successful software. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2018 at 16:28:38 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Alan Turing

Alan TuringAlan Turing for marathon

Alan Turing sentenceEnigma

Alan Mathison Turing was born on June 23rd (my birthday too) of 1912 and died on June 7th, 1954 at only 41 years of age.

Alan Turing is considered today the father of modern computing, he talks about "algorithm" and introduces the concept of "program" when computers do not exist yet.
A visionary, a genius, tens of years ahead of his colleagues at the time. A mathematician, but he is also a physicist, biologist, chemist, neurologist and much more, all with the aim of building his machine that can learn. Yes, he already speaks of artificial intelligence.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 02 Giu 2018 at 17:17:05 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Inside NeXT

Inside NeXT

After a long wait, Lucio's book finally arrived on the NeXT world! But I did not read it immediately, I left it to look at myself for a few days, I wanted to taste it and then my sequential mind does not tolerate distractions, one book is read at a time!
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 22 Mag 2018 at 19:12:57 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The evolution of sound cards

AdLib sound card

Today we can not imagine a computer without audio, unable to produce music or sounds.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 19 Mag 2018 at 15:16:53 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Periphicon 511 - Optical image digitizer

Perihicon 511

It could be the first digital camera accessible to the general public, it cost only $ 200.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 13 Mag 2018 at 17:44:44 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Peek and Poke

Peek and Poke

These are two commands that I have always found present in the various Basic versions of home and personal computers of the 80s.
"Peek" reads a memory location, "Poke" instead allows writing a value to a memory location.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 05 Mag 2018 at 14:46:24 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Freedom and the computer

Freedom and computer

Is it now possible to control the lives of a group of people through the use of computers and related technology that is currently available or will be available in the foreseeable future?
Certainly.
Creative Computing Sep-Oct 1978

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 28 Apr 2018 at 07:58:35 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Telecomputing today

Acoustic modem

Many futurist believe that someday telecomputing will be the primary use for home computers - an integral part of every modern household.
You've probably already heard the predictions about home banking, home shopping, "electronic newspapers," telegames, and on-line encyclopedias and data bases.
Actually, all of these services are available today, though perhaps not in all areas, or in an affordable or mature form.
But times are changing fast.
From Compute! Gazzette September 1983

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 20 Apr 2018 at 08:19:25 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Your first hour with your first computer

Apple //e

Do you remember your first hour with your first computer?
Do you remember how it went? Were you happy or was it like when the first microwave arrived?

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 14 Apr 2018 at 09:39:40 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Barcode and trains

Brcode

The idea for this article came to me when I saw this IBM brochure:

IBM 3660

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 10 Apr 2018 at 08:32:37 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Seven points to consider before you buy your small computer.

7 punti

1. How complete is the computer system?
2. Is powerful system software available?
3. Is the system easy to expand?
4. Is the computer well-engineered?
5. Does it have proven reliability?
6. Does it have good factory support?
7. Are maintenance and service people accessible?

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 07 Apr 2018 at 08:54:14 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

WII remote control? No!

Closing the eyes and reading the characteristics of this thing, it seems to read the advertising of remote control for the WII.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 03 Apr 2018 at 12:36:52 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Teo Rusconi or Herbie Briggs?

Teo Rusconi Herbie Briggs
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Mar 2018 at 08:08:53 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Stolen from Apple

Stolen from Apple

Some time ago, I wrote something about the Apple II and its clones.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 25 Mar 2018 at 10:12:14 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The last one

The last one

Today I found myself in front of this advertisement.

The first program you should buy.
The last one ... the first program that writes programs!

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 21 Mar 2018 at 16:04:35 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Clones

What do I mean by clones?
I'm always talking about computers, of course, a clone is a computer "similar" to another.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 16 Mar 2018 at 08:37:09 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Sinclair bows out

Sinclair bows out

June 1986, Clive Sinclair sells its company to Amstrad due to debts.
It's the end of a long story, if you want, only a handful of years, but what weight it has had!

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 10 Mar 2018 at 10:15:05 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Do you know what it is?

Floppy disk doubler

If you do not know what it is or you've never used it, then you've lost a piece of the brief history of the personal computer.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 06 Mar 2018 at 07:40:27 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Hardware emulators

Apple //e for Macintosh LC
Fonte: http://adtpro.com/lc.html

Over the years many software emulators have been developed for our old computers, we can emulate the good Apple ][ even on mobile phones.
There are software emulators ranging from the old bar console to the IBM 360 mainframe.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 03 Mar 2018 at 15:35:15 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Fonts name

Fonts name

Another anecdote about Steve Jobs.
The famous mania of manic control has also affected the choice of font names.
Susan Kare tells us that she was creating many fonts and there was therefore the problem of finding an interesting name to assign to them.
In agreement with Andy Hertzfeld, they had therefore chosen the stops of a train that knew well the times of high school, names like: Overbrook, Merion, Ardmore etc.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 28 Feb 2018 at 08:07:22 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Sir Clive hits out in pub punch-up.

Clive Sinclair

I can not believe Sir Clive Sinclair punching in a pub!
Yet it seems all true, he got into a fight with Chris Curry, his former employee, but then became head of Acorn Computers.
It seems that Clive did not like some comparative advertising between Sinclair computers and Acorn computers.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 25 Feb 2018 at 09:58:16 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Silicon nightmare

robot

How will our IT future be?

Will it be a world full of robots and computers?

Will artificial intelligence become a reality?

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 22 Feb 2018 at 10:30:39 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Computer machismo

Is the computer male?
Is the computer stuff like a man?

In my professional programming experience, I've certainly met more males than females, but I've never noticed it.
It's an article that made me think, why the computer, intended as programming, do not like women?

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 17 Feb 2018 at 08:27:43 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Start like this?

I found an article, from Sinclair User Magazine November 1983, in which Sinclair signed an agreement to supply ZX-81 and Spectrum to China, so that they can develop their own computer industry.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 10 Feb 2018 at 10:50:24 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Code junkies

I came across a couple of articles that I found interesting to the point of bringing them to your attention.
The articles are from December 1982 and March 1983, so really prehistoric stuff.

In practice in the first article Chris Reynolds, a university professor of "computer science", asserts that home computers do not create future IT experts, but future unemployed. He comes to say that: "the computer and the games at home will keep the unemployed future pleasantly engaged".

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 04 Feb 2018 at 20:11:52 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The design

Rick Dickinson (more here)

Let's see how many of you know him, leave a comment if you know who he is, before proceeding obviously!
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 30 Gen 2018 at 15:09:26 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Sharing information

I started this site many years ago. At all, the only source of information was to have the paper in hand, ie the manuals, from which to find the technical data of the machines. For the photos you had to own that specific computer. I go for brochures, advertisements etc.

Today, there is much more network information, technology has evolved, photos are more beautiful, pdf manuals are file sizes that can not be managed just a few years ago with modems at 9600, 14400, or the legendary 56000.

All the information, documents, photos I've collected over the years or that I've been sent by the users are all available on the site. Every now and then I find myself around other sites of my computer photos, the marble floor chosen by me seems to be unique :-), no problem, though there is no indication of where this photo was taken. The rule for me is just this: if you do not want to put it on the net, you can not put it on it. Put it and then write "Forbidden Reproduction" or other strange words, it's a total waste of time and even a contradiction.

It's amazing and out of my understanding that there are then sites, with recipe engine and then full archives, that show you their beautiful search page, let you search for what you are interested in, and also present you the answer page with something of the type "We found 24 documents in our archive". And then they ask you suspect question: "Do you want to see them?" Sure I want to see what I came here to do?

When you click on the phrase "Do you want to see it?", You will see a form to fill in to make an appointment to see their archive, physically, if they allow you ... Incredible!
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 05 Ott 2017 at 16:37:39 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Hackers

spacewar

Source Wikipedia

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Tech Model Railroad Club (better known as MIT) was attended by very special characters.
They were usually not very tall, not athletic, many of them wearing glasses and they were most likely to have a calculator rule in their pockets (we are in the late 1950's, pocket calculators are not there yet).
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 01 Ago 2017 at 14:01:39 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The service makes the difference!

Apple 1 and support service

These days a friend of mine told me about her vicissitudes when buying a new LCD TV.

In fact, in the electronics store, a famous chain, is first ignored by the pre-sales clerk and then mistreated at the cashier because he simply asked to open the box to verify the integrity of the content.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 25 Lug 2017 at 10:08:44 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Product Review: POLY-88 by Jef Raskin

I have published a number of magazines in this last period.
I usually browse all magazines that are public in search of articles, photos and advertising.

This time I found, on Dr. Dobb's Journal of 1977 November / December, a Jef Raskin article that tests the Poly 88 of Polymorphic Systems.
The article itself is interesting because it speaks of a little known machine, but in the article Raskin also speaks of the Altair 8800 and the IMSAI 8080.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 15 Lug 2017 at 22:33:03 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The Mac is Here

The Making of Macintosh (Part 4)

Based on “Apple Confidential 2.0” by Owen W. Linzmayer

1000BiT - Macintosh 128 MacWorld


« The Mac is meant to supplant the PC on the desks of corporate America, just as the PC supplanted our own Apples over the last 18 months. » John Sculley

« Adam Osborne (founder of Osborne Computer Corp, editor’s note) is always dumping on Apple. […] He started getting under   my collar so much that I told him, ‘Adam, [the Mac]'s so good that even after it puts your company out of business, you’ll still want to go out and buy it for your kids’.» Steve Jobs

Finally, after spending $78 million in development costs, Apple introduced the Macintosh to a packed house at the annual shareholder meeting held in the Flint Center at De Anza College on January 24, 1984. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 16:35:15 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Steve Jobs makes his way onto the Mac team

The Making of Macintosh (Part 3)

Based on “Apple Confidential 2.0” by Owen W. Linzmayer

1000BiT - Jobs in pixel

« [Jobs] would try to push himself into everything. No matter what you were doing, he had to have something to do with it. Nobody of Apple wanted him involved with their projects. I had started the Macintosh team and we didn’t want him either. » Jef Raskin

« The standard way [Jobs] operated was picking your brain. He would immediately poo-poo the idea, then a week later, he’d come back and say, ‘Hey, I’ve got a great idea!’ The idea that he gave back to you was your own. We called him the Reality Distortion Field. » Jef Raskin

In September 1980, the board of directors wanted to cancel the Macintosh project to concentrate on getting the Lisa project under control, but Raskin pleaded for and won a three-month reprieve. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 16:23:16 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The Perfect Balance between Price and Performance

The Making of Macintosh (Part 2)

Based on “Apple Confidential 2.0” by Owen W. Linzmayer

1000BiT - Ufficio con Macintosh

Every feature of the Mac required a trade-off between price and performance.

By September 27, 1979, a preliminary cost investigation revealed that Raskin’s proposed Macintosh by no means could sell for the initial target price of $500. A more realistic figure was $1500 for a fully loaded Mac. On October 2, Jobs told Raskin: “Don’t worry about price, just specify the computer’s abilities”. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:56:40 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The True Father of the Macintosh

The Making of Macintosh (Part 1)

Based on “Apple Confidential 2.0” by Owen W. Linzmayer

1000BiT - Jeff Raskin

http://biografieonline.it/biografia-jef-raskin

Steve Jobs and the Macintosh are inextricably linked in the minds of most people. So it may come as somewhat of a surprise to learn that the Mac was not his idea at all. In fact, he actually wanted to kill the project in its infancy. Luckily for Apple and millions of dedicated Mac users everywhere, he wasn’t successful.

The true father of the Macintosh was Jeffrey Frank “Jef” Raskin, a professor turned computer consultant. In the spring of 1979, Jobs was still working on the Lisa, a more business oriented PC, but the company was looking for a lower- cost product than the Apple II which was selling for more than $1000.

« […], there was this thing that I’d be dreaming of for some time which I called Macintosh. The biggest thing about it was that it would be designed from a human factors perspective, which at that time was totally incomprehensible. » Jef Raskin.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:47:50 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

What Makes a Computer Smart?

Welcome to the Micro Age Part 3

1000BiT - Byte Shopper

« Let us for a moment consider the microcomputer as a creature of awareness.

Without certain electronic components present in a computer to make it respond to the human user, it would seem dumb indeed. Content to blink its lights at you forever, the computer won’t even acknowledge your presence unless it has been programmed to do so.

One reason for this is that the majority of microprocessors do not have a built-in memory; calculations can be done, but other devices must be attached to the processor so that the results can be remembered, recalled and displayed for use by humans. The bare-bones computer has awareness but no understanding or learned memory. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:22:48 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

What can a computer system do?

WELCOME TO THE MICRO AGE Part 2

 « A computer can perform arithmetic and logic (decision-making) operations and communicate the results to other devices more easily accessible to humans, such as a TV screen or typewriter.

A computer follows commands (called “software”) given it by its operator. Connected to electronic memory banks and peripheral devices such as a printer, modifies TV set and magnetic disk recorder, the computer is capable of performing complex tasks such as maintaining a current inventory, text editing, computing personal taxes, playing Star Trek or Chess, and even creating unique music and graphic compositions. Recent advances allow microcomputers to even talk and understand vocal commands.

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:14:56 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

The Dawn of the Age of Personal Computing

WELCOME TO THE MICRO AGE Part 1

1000BiT - Byte shopper

Nowadays we are so accustomed to carrying tiny but powerful computers in our pockets (i.e. our smartphones), that we may forget about the time when computers could fill entire rooms and had a significantly lower computing power than a single iPhone.

The history of the personal computer as mass-market consumer electronic devices effectively started in 1977 with the introduction of microcomputers.

Now I would like to go back to that exciting time, the late seventies, when personal computers first appeared on the scene and take a closer look at how journalists, who witnessed firsthand the transition, introduced this affordable new technology to the public and explained its immense potential. Here follows an extract from the magazine "Byte Shopper", Spring 1978, Issue N. 3:

[more]

Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 14:59:23 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Our new mascot is born, Bitto

His name may sound weird: "Bitto", as bit in Japanese or as the name of a cheese.
What do you think of our mascot?
bitto


Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2017 at 15:39:02 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

A new beginning

I would like to start writing on my blog again, hopefully this time I will publish new content more regularly. I have just renovated our website, there is still a lot of work to do though.

If you want to write an article about your favorite obsolete computer or about the history of computer science, I would be happy to publish it here on my blog. See you soon!

Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2017 at 15:32:07 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Technology

The world is moving so fast ! New technologies are being developed everyday... such at a fast pace that we really can't  appreciate the full potential of each and every new technology. Bluetooh, usb, firewire, wi-fi, adsl, hdsl, shdsl, mp3, divx... and so on. Are we sure that, before we develop a new technology, we have reached the full maturity of the old one ?
I don't think it's so. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 06 Dic 2007 at 11:17:49 | 0 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Fortran

One of the first Fortran programs.
The following program, written by Backus, is taken from the programmer's FORTRAN manual. The program reads N numbers and calculates the maximum. [more]

Posted by webmaster : 22 Mar 2007 at 03:34:36 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Icons

Have you ever thought about icons ?

Yes those little pictures that are everywhere on your virtual desktop.
Take a time machine and go back about 20 years, go back to 1984. There were a lot of Apple //, C64, TRS80, Atari 400... everyone with their blinking cursor...
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 06 Mar 2007 at 11:42:06 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

We are all a little more poor

Recently Alan Shugart has left us.
And we all have lost something.
 
Tix


Posted by tix : 19 Dic 2006 at 15:05:50 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Apple and the clones

In this period I am reading books on the history of the Apple.

The books in this case are iWoz, Revolution in the Valley and Apple Confidential 2.0. Between the many vicissitudes and anecdotes that the books have told there is the regarding part the position of the Apple and the world of the clones. The facts, we are in the middle of the 90s and the Apple is in one of its black crises, Spindler is the CEO and decides to open the Mac world to the clones, new societies are founded, ready to produce Mac clones. On Apple 2,0 Condifential there's even the letter of Bill Gates asking to Apple to bring its O.S. on other platforms. In short, the outcome is a true disaster, the clones begin to subtract quotas from Apple instead of expanding the Mac presence in the market. Amelio before and Jobs then, with a stratagem succeed to block the agreements taken from Spindler. The agreement was with OS 7.0 and its successors, so instead of the 7.7 Mac Os 8.0 is born! And the attempt of Mac clone dies here.
[more]

Posted by webmaster : 14 Dic 2006 at 15:30:29 | 1 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

1000BiT's blog

Today starts1000BiT's blog.

We have implemented this new area to allow all of you that want to write and to partecipate to the life of this site. The aim of the blog is to collect all your stories and anectodes about vintage computing.
If there is the need to open a new section, we already have the code and a lot of space Smile.
Currently we don't know often we will be able to write something new, but we will do our best to keep this section alive.
 
The 1000BiT Team


Posted by webmaster : 11 Dic 2006 at 14:39:30 | 2 Comments | Login to enter your comment |

Articles index

Human computer
Posted by webmaster : 17 Giu 2018 at 10:34:08

Visicalc: reason enough for owning a computer
Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2018 at 16:28:38

Alan Turing
Posted by webmaster : 02 Giu 2018 at 17:17:05

Inside NeXT
Posted by webmaster : 22 Mag 2018 at 19:12:57

The evolution of sound cards
Posted by webmaster : 19 Mag 2018 at 15:16:53

Periphicon 511 - Optical image digitizer
Posted by webmaster : 13 Mag 2018 at 17:44:44

Peek and Poke
Posted by webmaster : 05 Mag 2018 at 14:46:24

Freedom and the computer
Posted by webmaster : 28 Apr 2018 at 07:58:35

Telecomputing today
Posted by webmaster : 20 Apr 2018 at 08:19:25

Your first hour with your first computer
Posted by webmaster : 14 Apr 2018 at 09:39:40

Barcode and trains
Posted by webmaster : 10 Apr 2018 at 08:32:37

Seven points to consider before you buy your small computer.
Posted by webmaster : 07 Apr 2018 at 08:54:14

WII remote control? No!
Posted by webmaster : 03 Apr 2018 at 12:36:52

Teo Rusconi or Herbie Briggs?
Posted by webmaster : 29 Mar 2018 at 08:08:53

Stolen from Apple
Posted by webmaster : 25 Mar 2018 at 10:12:14

The last one
Posted by webmaster : 21 Mar 2018 at 16:04:35

Clones
Posted by webmaster : 16 Mar 2018 at 08:37:09

Sinclair bows out
Posted by webmaster : 10 Mar 2018 at 10:15:05

Do you know what it is?
Posted by webmaster : 06 Mar 2018 at 07:40:27

Hardware emulators
Posted by webmaster : 03 Mar 2018 at 15:35:15

Fonts name
Posted by webmaster : 28 Feb 2018 at 08:07:22

Sir Clive hits out in pub punch-up.
Posted by webmaster : 25 Feb 2018 at 09:58:16

Silicon nightmare
Posted by webmaster : 22 Feb 2018 at 10:30:39

Computer machismo
Posted by webmaster : 17 Feb 2018 at 08:27:43

Start like this?
Posted by webmaster : 10 Feb 2018 at 10:50:24

Code junkies
Posted by webmaster : 04 Feb 2018 at 20:11:52

The design
Posted by webmaster : 30 Gen 2018 at 15:09:26

Sharing information
Posted by webmaster : 05 Ott 2017 at 16:37:39

Hackers
Posted by webmaster : 01 Ago 2017 at 14:01:39

The service makes the difference!
Posted by webmaster : 25 Lug 2017 at 10:08:44

Product Review: POLY-88 by Jef Raskin
Posted by webmaster : 15 Lug 2017 at 22:33:03

The Mac is Here
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 16:35:15

Steve Jobs makes his way onto the Mac team
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 16:23:16

The Perfect Balance between Price and Performance
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:56:40

The True Father of the Macintosh
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:47:50

What Makes a Computer Smart?
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:22:48

What can a computer system do?
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 15:14:56

The Dawn of the Age of Personal Computing
Posted by webmaster : 29 Giu 2017 at 14:59:23

Our new mascot is born, Bitto
Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2017 at 15:39:02

A new beginning
Posted by webmaster : 09 Giu 2017 at 15:32:07

Technology
Posted by webmaster : 06 Dic 2007 at 11:17:49

Fortran
Posted by webmaster : 22 Mar 2007 at 03:34:36

Icons
Posted by webmaster : 06 Mar 2007 at 11:42:06

We are all a little more poor
Posted by tix : 19 Dic 2006 at 15:05:50

Apple and the clones
Posted by webmaster : 14 Dic 2006 at 15:30:29

1000BiT's blog
Posted by webmaster : 11 Dic 2006 at 14:39:30